The Siege Of Candia Lasted 21 Years

Kevin Williams | March 22nd, 2019

The city of Candia which is today known as Heraklion on Crete played an important part during the Ottoman-Venetian Wars, so much so that it was besieged for over 21 years. The siege of Candia is seen by Historians as one of the longest sieges in history. It started in 1648 and did not end until 1669 before finally surrendering, the area was highly contested because Candia held a key position in the Mediterranean.

sfakia-crete.com

Of course, the goal was to have supremacy over the Mediterranean sea, which is what caused the numerous clashes between the two powers at the time: Venice and the Ottoman Empire. They had battled it out for control of the sea numerous times during the early 15th century and even during the late 16th century.

War was declared in 1644 when the Knights Hospitallers were able to loot an Ottoman ship that was carrying many of the sultan’s treasures to Constantinople. This prompted the forces of the sultan to land on Crete itself and start an invasion. They were quickly able to conquer La Canea and Rettimo and start to occupy the whole island. And this is why in 1648, they started to set their goal of conquering the city of Candia which was seen as the jewel of this region.

During a vicious 21 year siege, the Ottomans would capture numerous lands around the city and fight the Venetians on both land and water. The conflict lasting so long caused an immense expense on both Venice and the Ottoman Empire. Thousands of lives were sacrificed and huge amounts of treasure were given up in the fight for who would end up controlling Candia.

The Ottomans set up huge siege lines cutting off the city from all form of supplies, which led to the Venetians pleading with other European countries and the Pope, though this led to nothing. So the Venetians started to blockade the Ottoman’s supply routes also in different regions, and even though they won some battles, the situation at Candia did not change.

Over 40,000 Ottoman soldiers lost their lives trying to take the walls of Candia, and even though the Venetians repelled them every time: ultimately they realized the end was near with no chance of resupplying. In 1669, the city surrendered and a peace agreement was made between the Venetians and the Ottoman empire.

Next Article
  • Puppy Dumped With TV And Chair

    It was such a terribly heartbreaking sight: on the side of a road alongside trash and discarded furniture was a little puppy. The hopeful little puppy was waiting—for someone, anyone to come get him from the chair. The sighting first took place when someone drove by and saw the little puppy on the chair on...

    Read More
  • Bill Gates and Melinda Gates have helped save over 122m lives

    Touted as one of the biggest philanthropic gestures ever, a partnership that could only be matched by Superman and Batman joining forces to fight crime. Just ten years ago, Warren Buffet, made a pledge to give most of his fortune to one of the only people that was worth more money than him: Bill Gates....

    Read More
  • Dog Crashes Church Service

    In a church located in the country of Brazil, all are welcome to attend services. But for one dog, that invitation was taken very seriously. In the middle of a church service, a surprise doggy visitor arrived with his tail wagging. Best of all, the priest leading mass that day was a dog lover and...

    Read More
  • The Story Of John Wayne Island In Panama

    Panama is undoubtedly a gorgeous country with magnificent coastlines, from Gorgona to Punta Chuma you can find beautiful beaches. And in the distance, you can generally see two islands, and one of these islands is known as John Wayne Island. You see in Panama, John Wayne is seen as a hero. Wayne was known to...

    Read More
  • Dog And Puppies Found In Box

    When someone was visiting the Puntzi Lake Landfill in British Columbia, Canada, they were not expecting to come across a situation where lives would be saved. The visitor, who soon became a Good Samaritan, came across a sealed box at the landfill. They soon realized it was a sealed box that had dogs inside. The...

    Read More
  • The Statue Of Liberty Was Crowdfunded

    If it was not for the concept of crowdfunding, America, may never have seen the statue of liberty towering in front of New York City. Joseph Pulitzer was able to effectively crowdfund what was needed to ensure the statue of liberty was put together and constructed in New York. Without Josef Pulitzer’s New York World...

    Read More