It may come as a major surprise to most of you that solitary bees actually make up the biggest part of the global bee population, we count over 90% of bees being in the solitary category. There are over 25,000 different individual types of bee species worldwide, such as the mason bees, the leafcutters or the white-faced bees. Some of the more common kinds would be the carder bees which make their way around the many meadows or flower fees you walk past every day.
But the more numerous type of species is the lone bees: the ones that live in solitary. They do not belong to a colony and being loners they only fly around alone: never swarming or attacking in groups like some of the other types of bees you may come across.
Generally speaking, they are actually completely harmless, the stinger of a solitary bee is much feebler than those that live in a hive. As I am sure you have guessed by now they do not live in hives, so they simply elect to protect themselves by following up in reeds or twigs.
The female solitary bee will normally make a little compartment in a tree or wood, to lay their egg. They will then seal it off with some provisions to feed the larva when hatched, it will, however, contain numerous eggs. The adults normally never provide any care for their broods, in fact, their lifespan doesn’t really last long enough for this.
An adult solitary bee will usually die after they have created two to three nests. One thing that has become increasingly popular in the world of gardening is to provide solitary bees with nesting boxes as they are generally stingless they are the perfect bees to have in gardening operations.